Registration Extended! April 11, 2014, Symposium - Perspectives on American Freemasonry and Fraternalism
Talking About Rituals in Atlantic City

What’s My Line? Occupation-Related Symbols on Mark Medals

2013_054_3 name sideSome time in the early 1800s, Cornelius P. Vrooman (1784-ca. 1821), a member of Middleburgh Mark Lodge, Middleburgh, New York, commissioned this silver shield-shaped medal.  It is a recent addition to the Scottish Rite Masonic Museum and Library's collection.  The maker incorporated important Masonic symbols into the form of Vrooman’s medal--the square, compasses and open Bible at the top of the shield.  Engraved details like the print on the Bible pages and the outline of the compasses’ legs help delineate the symbols.  On one side of the medal (illustrated to the left), the craftsman detailed Vrooman’s name and the name of his lodge as well as a keystone marked with the mnemonic associated with the Mark Master degree, HTWSTTKS.  On the other side (illustrated below), within the border of a circle, the engraver incised the mnemonic in ornamental script.  The circle contains Vrooman’s mark, a man with a scythe. 

As noted in previous posts, the emblem selected by the owner of a mark jewel represented something meaningful to him.  Mark Masons chose different kinds of emblems, from patriotic and Masonic symbols, to initials or family crests.  In addition, many Mark Master Masons decided on representations of their occupation or profession as their personal symbol.  Vrooman’s emblem appears to be one such, the man and a scythe likely denoting a farmer.  If an anecdote retold in a 1870s gazetteer can be believed, Vrooman was indeed a farmer.  In a description of the Vrooman family, the gazetteer's author noted that the four Vrooman brothers “were remarkable for their strength.”  As an example, the author related that Cornelius “was accustomed to carry one or two bags…on his shoulders, to favor his horse, when going to Albany with a load of wheat.” 

2013_054_3 mark sideAnother example of an occupation-related mark can be found in the record for Rev. Alpheus Harding (1780- 1869), whose mark of a lamb and cross spoke to his job as a religious leader.  This mark is noted in the mark book kept for King Hiram Royal Arch Chapter of Greenwich, Massachusetts.  (You can read previous posts about this beautifully illustrated record and its illustrator.)  Other examples of symbols connoting professions appear in the late 1700s and early 1800s records of Washington Royal Arch Chapter of Middletown, Connecticut.  Members of a mark lodge associated with the chapter often dictated a motto to go with their symbols, leaving a clue as to what their choice of mark represented to them.  For example, William Hall (dates unknown), recorded a knife as his mark and his motto as “amputation,” suggesting he might have been a surgeon.  Charles Magill (dates unknown) selected a brig as his mark and, for his motto, “navigation.”  His fellow member, Noadiah Hubbard, Jr. (b. 1765), accompanied the motto “husbandry” with a plough for a mark.  Another member, recorded in the 1820s, claimed a trowel as his mark along with the motto, “the implement of my profession.”  Taken together these occupational marks offer an intriguing glimpse into the professional landscape of early 1800s mark lodges.


James R. Case, August W. Von Hagen and Oswald H. Johnson, Early Records of Washington Chapter (6) Royal Arch Masons, of Middletown, Connecticut, Reproduced by Xerography on the 175th Anniversary (Hartford, Connecticut:  Bond Press, Inc.), 1958.

Hamilton Child, Gazetteer and Business Directory of Schoharie County, New York, for 1872-1873. (Syracuse, New York:  Hamilton Child), 1872, p. 115.

Photo credits:

Mark Medal, 1807-1821. Probably New York. Museum Purchase, 2013.054.3. Photos by David Bohl.


Verify your Comment

Previewing your Comment

This is only a preview. Your comment has not yet been posted.

Your comment could not be posted. Error type:
Your comment has been saved. Comments are moderated and will not appear until approved by the author. Post another comment

The letters and numbers you entered did not match the image. Please try again.

As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. This prevents automated programs from posting comments.

Having trouble reading this image? View an alternate.


Post a comment

Comments are moderated, and will not appear until the author has approved them.

Your Information

(Name and email address are required. Email address will not be displayed with the comment.)