National Heritage Museum Announces Program for April Symposium
Masonic Trench Art

New to the Collection: The Ancient Order of Good Fellows

2008_032DP1 Recently, the National Heritage Museum acquired a mahogany box, which was found in Chester County, Pennsylvania.  Topped with a brass handle, the box has gold painted letters on the front reading, “Buena Vista Lodge / No. 16, A.O. of G.F. / Instituted Feby. 19th, 1848.”  Identifying the group that originally used this box was the first task in adding this object to the collection.  The only clue was the initials on the box – “A.O.G.F.”  Through an internet search, we identified it as the Ancient Order of Good Fellows, but standard sources on American fraternal groups, like The Cyclopedia of Fraternities by Albert C. Stevens, offered no listing for the group.  Collecting objects from groups like this – which are not widely, or even moderately, known – is an important goal for the Museum.

The hunt was on to learn more about the Ancient Order of Good Fellows.  An 1884 history of Philadelphia included the short note that AOGF Lodge #1 was organized in 1840 in that city.  Another 1884 source, a history of Pennsylvania’s Montgomery County, which borders on Philadelphia County, explained that “the Ancient Order of Good Fellows was transplanted from the city of Philadelphia May 17, 1869 when Buena Vista Lodge, No. 16, was organized.  This lodge has been extraordinarily successful, the membership now reaching one hundred and seventy.”  While this reference helps to establish that the lodge named on the box existed, it also adds confusion, suggesting that Buena Vista Lodge No. 16 was formed in 1869, not the 1848 date painted on the box itself.  Was Lodge No. 16 initially formed in Philadelphia in 1848 and then moved – or “transplanted” as the history book reads – to Montgomery County in 1869?  Or were AOGF lodges numbered within counties, rather than within the state?  This would mean that there was another Buena Vista Lodge No. 16 in Chester County where the box was found.  These questions remain unanswered until additional evidence is uncovered.

Regardless of where the lodge was located, the group seems to have been a mutual benefit society.  The Montgomery County history explains that Buena Vista Lodge “has paid out in benefits the sum of $10,316.66, as follows: Weekly Benefits, $9246.66; funeral benefits, $1070.”  Before insurance companies, societies like this one offered a safety net for their members.  Those who belonged paid fees on a regular basis and were entitled to benefits should a problem or crisis arise.  Regardless of its success in the Philadelphia area during the 1880s, the Ancient Order of Good Fellows seems to have been defunct by 1924.


Theo. W. Bean.  History of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.  Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1884.

Thompson Westcott and John Thomas Scharf.  History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884.  Philadelphia: L.H. Everts, 1884.

Ancient Order of Good Fellows Document Box, ca. 1848, probably Pennsylvania, National Heritage Museum collection, Museum purchase, 2008.032.  Photograph by David Bohl.


Hilary Anderson Stelling, Scottish Rite Masonic Museuem & Library

Thanks so much for your comment about the Ancient Order of Good Fellows ribbons in your collection! All the the comments we have received about this group and its activities in the United States point to Pennsylvania and New Jersey, including the interesting ribbons in your collection. Thanks again!

Theda Skocpol

In my collection, I have two Ancient Order of Good Fellows ribbon badges from Golden Rule Lodge No. 42 in Strouchsburg. Both hand pin tops with crossed arrows and the group name, short ribbons with the local names, and dangle disks with an open hand, the letters T.E.R.A.M. and Ancient Order of Good Fellows. One is a yellow regular member badge, white with a red strip, and the other is yellow with a staff dangle from the top, probably a officer badge.

I also have a plain white silk with “Wyoming Lodge No. 2, Ancient Order of Good Fellows, Rohrsburg, Penna.” plus a flying U.S. flag design.

This order, apparently strong in PA and nearby, was probably one of many Us breakaways from a parent English order, slightly relabeled and invariably stressing US loyalty.

Unfortunately, I seem to have no ephemera from this group, such as a constitutio or ritual or proceeding that would tell more. But the Strouchsburg badges are very nice!

Aimee Newell

Thanks Barry! It's fantastic that you know so much about this person. I still haven't found much more on the AOGF aside from what I wrote here. I am hoping that more objects and information will come the museum's way. Thanks for reading our blog and commenting. Aimee Newell, Director of Collections

Barry McGowan

One of my ancestors, David Cashore (1836-1873), lived in Glocester, NJ and also in Philadelphia and was a member of Charity Lodge #12 A.O.G.F. Glocester, NJ according to his obit.

Aimee Newell

Thanks so much for reading our blog and commenting! I'm glad to know that the Good Fellows still exist in the UK and in other places. I hope you enjoyed the chance to see this box. Aimee Newell, Director of Collections

P. King

The order of Good Fellows is still running in the UK. Originally it was for unskilled workers and operated like the Masons. The headquarters of the organisation is in Stafford in the UK. It still has groups around the world.
I am a member of the Goodfellows.

Aimee Newell

Hello: Thanks so much for this information! I'm thrilled to learn more about this group. I will add your comment to our research file for the box. Thanks for reading our blog. Aimee Newell, Director of Collections

Geo. M. Meiser, IX

Lodge #42, Ancient Order of Good Fellows, was established in 1871 on the 3rd floor of the American House hotel at 86 Main St., Stouchsburg,
Marion Township, Berks County, PA. The very large old hotel still stands on Main St., presently occupied as an apartment house. --Geo. M. Meiser,
IX, Berks County historian.

Verify your Comment

Previewing your Comment

This is only a preview. Your comment has not yet been posted.

Your comment could not be posted. Error type:
Your comment has been saved. Comments are moderated and will not appear until approved by the author. Post another comment

The letters and numbers you entered did not match the image. Please try again.

As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. This prevents automated programs from posting comments.

Having trouble reading this image? View an alternate.


Post a comment

Comments are moderated, and will not appear until the author has approved them.

Your Information

(Name and email address are required. Email address will not be displayed with the comment.)